The fascinating historical past of glassware: Why we drink from completely different glasses.
Have you ever ever been out with a gaggle of 5 folks and when your drink orders got here, the bartender delivered 5 drinks in 5 very various kinds of glasses?
That definitely looks like a whole lot of foolish effort for one thing that may’t probably make that a lot of a distinction, proper? Properly, maintain on to your barstools, of us, since you’re about to embark on a journey by means of the surprisingly numerous world of bar glassware.
Consider it or not, they don’t seem to be only for present. They’ve a sensible function too.
Why does the form and dimension of a glass matter a lot? Properly, all of it comes right down to enhancing the sensory expertise of every drink. That could possibly be defending, highlighting, or discouraging attributes of a particular drink by modifying the form of the vessel the drink is available in.
The Principal Causes a Bar Glass is Chosen for a Particular Drink:
- Based mostly on how a lot liquid the drink is
- Whether or not it’s served with or with out ice
- Whether or not it accommodates carbonation (slender preserves bubbles)
- To guard (slender) or bloom (vast) refined or deep aromas
- If preparation requires a large glass to keep away from spillage throughout straining
- Cultural custom
There’s one other vital aspect on the root of lots of the completely different glasses: historical past. Even past the sensible advantages many of those glass varieties present, there’s additionally a heritage and custom being preserved and continued, and that isn’t one thing that ought to be undervalued. As a species, people have celebrated, commiserated, and have become acquainted over wine, beer, and spirits for millennia.
And that, my associates, is simply the tip of the [cocktail] ice [berg]. So, pour your self a drink and let’s delve deeper into the distinct world of bar glassware.
Varieties of Cocktail Glasses
Maybe it’s no shock due to the sheer variety of completely different cocktails that cocktail glasses are available in probably the most various sizes and styles. The phrase “cocktail” was first utilized in a British newspaper in 1798. These had been a descendant of British punches, which had been first introduced from India within the 1600s, the place they had been a typical a part of tradition. In order you’ll be able to think about, that peculiar wanting drink you simply ordered truly has a number of hundred years of evolution behind it.
Outdated Usual Glasses
Old style glasses, also called rocks glasses, are brief and durable with a large rim and base. These glasses are perfect for robust, spirit ahead cocktails which can be decrease in quantity as a result of an absence of mixer components. They can even be used to serve spirits like whiskey with out ice, once more as a result of their smaller dimension. The vast base of the glass permits for the addition of huge ice cubes, which soften slowly and maintain the drink cool with out diluting it too shortly.
The broad, spherical form of the glass is ideal for cocktails that want straining and serving “up”. The vast form makes straining out solids simpler, and the roundness prevents contents from spilling whereas pouring however because of this it’s not used for carbonated drinks, which might trigger it to lose its bubbles too shortly. It is a quite common bar glass used for shaken or stirred cocktails that don’t have ice within the glass; the stem, in idea, reduces warming the drink through warmth switch from the hand like a wine glass.
Collins & Highball Glasses
Whereas Collins and Highball glasses are technically completely different sizes, with the Highball often holding 8-10 ounces and the Collins holding as much as 14, typically the time period is used interchangeably. There’s a superb likelihood when you find yourself served a drink that appears like this, it’s most likely a Highball glass. Tall and slender, Collins and Highball glasses have a bigger capability than most cocktail glasses. Due to this, these glasses are used for “lengthy” drinks: Those who have a typically excessive quantity of liquid from mixers and are served over ice. The slender form is right for combined drinks that embrace carbonation from soda. If you order a non-alcoholic drink from a bar, additionally it is more likely to be served in a Highball glass.
Nick and Nora Glass
The Nick & Nora, used for serving stirred or shaken cocktails, is a widely known sort of cocktail glassware that was rebirthed by bartender Dale DeGroff for the Rainbow Room in New York in 1987. DeGroff discovered a design he appreciated, a small coupe named “Little Martini,” in a Thirties catalog and renamed it the Nick & Nora after characters in Dashiell Hammett’s “The Skinny Man.” It has a protracted stem, high-sided bowl, slender mouth, and small capability. They’re extra bell-shaped in comparison with a coupe glass, and are usually used for stirred drinks.
Audrey Saunders popularized the glass when she used it at Bemelmans Bar and Pegu Membership, seeing it as a technique to introduce clients to basic cocktails and problem the concept greater was higher for Martini presentation. Right now, the Nick & Nora glass is used for traditional cocktails just like the Martini, Manhattan, Vesper, and Sidecar, and is in style amongst bartenders and cocktail lovers.
Widespread Cocktails: Espresso Martini, Cosmopolitan
That includes an iconic “V”-shaped bowl design, this glassware is definitely recognizable. Many up to date cocktail bars have chosen to interchange this glass form with coupes and Nick and Nora glasses. Its form makes it splendid for having fun with drinks with a minimal of mixers. The basic martini glass holds 6-8 ounces of liquid and is used to serve quite a lot of cocktails not served with ice, however is most famously related to the Martini.
Widespread Cocktails: Moscow Mule
Nice for protecting chilled drinks cool, copper mugs are an important merchandise for any fan of the favored Moscow Mule cocktail. Most copper mugs include an inside lining of one other materials, similar to nickel or stainless-steel, to keep away from the potential leaching of copper into the drink. The insulated exterior of the mug helps to maintain the drinks chilly, which is particularly useful when having fun with a Moscow Mule on a scorching summer time day.
The distinctive metallic mug has a protracted custom going again to the Nineteen Forties. Its rise to recognition is attributed to John G. Martin, a businessman who traveled the nation attempting to get bars to serve Smirnoff and the accompanying Moscow Mule cocktail. He would take pictures of every bartender with the bottle of Smirnoff and a copper mug as proof to the subsequent bartender of its recognition. May a Moscow Mule be served in a Highball or Outdated Usual glass? Definitely, however with 80 years of custom we respect the continued use of the enduring mug.
Widespread Cocktails: Mint Julep
The julep cup is a metallic cup with a wealthy historical past and cultural significance. It’s primarily used to serve the favored southern drink, the mint julep which grew to become notably in style in Kentucky, the place it was related to horse racing and the Kentucky Derby. The standard julep cup was manufactured from silver, however over time it has been produced in further metals similar to stainless-steel, pewter, and others.
The julep cup’s metallic development not solely retains the drink cool but in addition provides to the festive environment of the event. To this present day, the julep cup stays a well-liked image of southern hospitality.
Specialised Spirit Glasses
Glencairn Whisky Glass
Widespread Drinks: Scotch
The Glencairn whisky glass relies on conventional nosing copitas utilized in whisky labs in Scotland and was developed by Raymond Davidson with assistance from grasp blenders from 5 of the most important whisky firms in Scotland. It gained the Queen’s Award for innovation in 2006 and is meant to carry roughly 50 ml of whisky. It’s common to seek out these in institutions that concentrate on serving finer Scotches for tastings.
Widespread Drinks: Brandy & Cognac
A snifter is a novel sort of glass that’s particularly designed for ingesting robust alcohols similar to darkish liquors, stouts and powerful ales. The glass is characterised by a brief stem and a rounded base that tapers as much as a slender prime. This particular design of the glass serves an important function, because it enhances the ingesting expertise by permitting the aroma of the drink to pay attention in a single space.
The time period “snifter” dates again to 1844 and refers back to the act of sniffing the drink however it wasn’t till 1937 that this glass form took on the identify. The act of sniffing the drink is a crucial side of having fun with the complete taste of robust alcohols. The big bowl and slender prime of the snifter glass permits the aroma of the drink to collect, which in flip enhances the ingesting expertise.
Varieties of Wine Glasses
Claus Riedel, an Austrian glassmaker, was the primary to research the hyperlink between the dimensions and form of a wine glass and its impact on the style of the wine. He discovered that the extra empty house within the glass, the higher it might include the flavour of the wine.
The best sort of wine glass can enhance the style and expertise of completely different wine varieties. Its dimension and form can have an effect on the aroma and taste, notably with the tannins current in pink wines, because it influences the dispersal of fragrant vapors. Stemmed glasses are simpler to swirl and assist maintain the wine from getting heat whereas stemless glasses are extra informal.
Pink Wine Glasses
The broader bowl of a pink wine glass permits extra air to flow into with the wine, which may also help to carry out the flavour and aroma. Pink wine glasses typically have a bigger rim diameter than white wine glasses, to raised showcase the wine’s aroma and taste.
For purists, there are various kinds of pink wine glasses, together with Bordeaux, Burgundy, Pinot Noir, and Syrah glasses, every designed for a particular sort of pink wine, nevertheless most individuals will solely personal a single model for his or her pink wines.
White Wine Glasses
White wines have extra delicate tastes and aromas, and thus white wine glasses are slimmer and have a smaller rim to take care of a cooler temperature and higher categorical the acidity. The cylindrical form of a white wine glass helps to maintain the wine cool by limiting floor space publicity to the air.
Glowing Wine Glasses
Glowing wine glasses, also called champagne flutes, are tall and slender with a small bowl, a design that helps to protect the bubbles within the wine longer by lowering the floor space the place the bubbles can escape. This form additionally helps improve the visible look of the bubbles, which is especially vital for glowing wines like Champagne.
Totally different Varieties of Beer Glasses
For as many sorts of cocktails as there are, there are additionally a formidable quantity of beer varieties. Every with distinctive traits, traditions, and historical past that influences what sort of glass it is served in. Listed here are a number of of the commonest:
American Shaker Pint Glass
For years, the shaker glass, also called the American pint glass, has been the go-to for serving quite a lot of beers in bars and houses throughout America. Technically the top-half to a Boston cocktail shaker, its versatility, straight-sided design with a barely tapered prime, and 16-ounce capability make it excellent for each draft and bottled beers. Initially designed for mixing drinks within the early twentieth century, it will definitely grew to become the usual glass for American draft beer after Prohibition. Nonetheless, as the recognition of microbreweries and the information of homebrewing unfold within the late Nineteen Seventies, the shaker glass has been phased out, and extra specialised glasses are taking its place.
Whereas the shaker glass continues to be a basic, bars are more and more utilizing glasses just like the snifter, tumbler, tulip, German-style mug, and Hefeweisen glass to reinforce the beer-drinking expertise. These glasses are specifically designed to showcase various kinds of beer, from hoppy IPAs to wealthy stouts.
Nonic Pint Glass
Beers Generally Served: English ales like pale ales, bitters, darkish milds
The Nonic pint glass, also called an Imperial pint glass, is a well-liked alternative in British pubs, recognized for its sturdiness and practicality. One of many defining options of the Nonic glass is the bulge situated round an inch under the lip, which units it other than the extra streamlined shaker glass. This bulge serves a number of functions: it provides the drinker a safe place to carry the glass, performing as a bumper if the glass is tipped over, and in addition prevents harm to the rim of the glass if it falls on its facet. Whereas the identify Nonic seems like one thing fancy out of Greek instances, it is truly a play on “no-nick” and was a key level in Hugo Decide’s patent utility in 1914:
Adopted as an official measure by the British Parliament again in 1824, this glass has been a fixture in English bars for the reason that Sixties. A real imperial pint will maintain 20 ounces in comparison with the usual American pint of 16. The Nonic glass is appropriate for many beer kinds, however is historically used for stouts, porters, or British brown ales.
Imperial Tulip Pint Glass
The imperial tulip pint can also be generally generally known as the Irish Imperial Pint or Guinness Glass. With its tulip form and straight partitions on the prime, this 20-ounce glass just isn’t solely aesthetically pleasing but in addition has a number of advantages. Its smaller base and extra pronounced bulb make it simpler to carry for some folks, whereas the vast mouth offers ample house for the beer to launch its aroma, making it the standard means for having fun with a Guinness Stout. Pouring slowly permits for a creamy foam to stand up, forming a skinny head on prime that enhances the general ingesting expertise.
Whereas the tulip pint glass is commonly related to Irish stouts and ales, it is also appropriate for any beer with “Nitro” within the identify. Be aware if looking for one, there are additionally 16 ounce American variations obtainable.
Pilsner Flute Glass
The Pilsner flute, originating from Germany, is a kind of beer glass designed to reinforce the ingesting expertise of Pilsner model beers. Its skinny tapered form is much like that of a champagne flute, providing safety to the beer model’s defining crisp effervescence. The slender backside and evenly flared sides of the Pilsner flute result in a centered launch of bubbles, leading to a visually interesting motion of fine-beaded carbonation. The thin diameter of the glass helps type and preserve a thick head, whereas additionally making a direct path for the hop aromas to achieve the nostril.
The Pilsner flute is right for quite a lot of Pilsner-style beers, together with German Pilsners, Bohemian Pilsners, Belgian Lagers, American Lagers, and Kölsch.
The Weizen glass is a novel sort of beer glass that originated in Germany particularly for wheat beers, with weizen which means wheat in German. This tall and curved glass has a capability of 16 ounces, making it the right dimension for a beneficiant serving of your favourite wheat beer. The form of the Weizen pint glass is much like that of an Imperial tulip pint glass, however it’s taller and curvier.
This design was created particularly to showcase the colour and carbonation of wheat beers, providing a visually interesting expertise for the drinker. As well as, the tall and curvier form of the Weizen pint glass offers ample house for the top to be shaped.
Belgian Tulip Beer Glass
This curvy, stemmed glass is designed particularly for Belgian ales and different advanced brews with a better alcohol by quantity. With its signature tulip form, that includes a bulbous physique that tapers on the prime and a flared rim, this glass serves to reinforce the aromas and flavors of your beer. The tulip form helps to seize the beer’s scent, making a creamy head of froth that delivers a burst of taste with every sip.