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Tuesday, March 21, 2023

Getting the Proper Reply from ChatGPT – O’Reilly

A few days in the past, I used to be excited about what you wanted to know to make use of ChatGPT (or Bing/Sydney, or any comparable service). It’s straightforward to ask it questions, however everyone knows that these giant language fashions steadily generate false solutions. Which raises the query: If I ask ChatGPT one thing, how a lot do I must know to find out whether or not the reply is right?

So I did a fast experiment. As a brief programming mission, plenty of years in the past I made an inventory of all of the prime numbers lower than 100 million. I used this checklist to create a 16-digit quantity that was the product of two 8-digit primes (99999787 instances 99999821 is 9999960800038127). I then requested ChatGPT whether or not this quantity was prime, and the way it decided whether or not the quantity was prime.

ChatGPT appropriately answered that this quantity was not prime. That is considerably shocking as a result of, for those who’ve learn a lot about ChatGPT, that math isn’t one among its robust factors. (There’s in all probability a giant checklist of prime numbers someplace in its coaching set.) Nonetheless, its reasoning was incorrect–and that’s much more attention-grabbing. ChatGPT gave me a bunch of Python code that applied the Miller-Rabin primality take a look at, and mentioned that my quantity was divisible by 29. The code as given had a few fundamental syntactic errors–however that wasn’t the one drawback. First, 9999960800038127 isn’t divisible by 29 (I’ll allow you to show this to your self). After fixing the apparent errors, the Python code seemed like an accurate implementation of Miller-Rabin–however the quantity that Miller-Rabin outputs isn’t an element, it’s a “witness” that attests to the very fact the quantity you’re testing isn’t prime. The quantity it outputs additionally isn’t 29. So ChatGPT didn’t really run this system; not shocking, many commentators have famous that ChatGPT doesn’t run the code that it writes. It additionally misunderstood what the algorithm does and what its output means, and that’s a extra severe error.

I then requested it to rethink the rationale for its earlier reply, and bought a really well mannered apology for being incorrect, along with a unique Python program. This program was right from the beginning. It was a brute-force primality take a look at that attempted every integer (each odd and even!) smaller than the sq. root of the quantity below take a look at. Neither elegant nor performant, however right. However once more, as a result of ChatGPT doesn’t really run this system, it gave me a brand new checklist of “prime components”–none of which had been right. Apparently, it included its anticipated (and incorrect) output within the code:

      n = 9999960800038127
      components = factorize(n)
      print(components) # prints [193, 518401, 3215031751]

I’m not claiming that ChatGPT is ineffective–removed from it. It’s good at suggesting methods to resolve an issue, and might lead you to the fitting answer, whether or not or not it provides you an accurate reply. Miller-Rabin is attention-grabbing; I knew it existed, however wouldn’t have bothered to look it up if I wasn’t prompted. (That’s a pleasant irony: I used to be successfully prompted by ChatGPT.)

Getting again to the unique query: ChatGPT is nice at offering “solutions” to questions, but when it’s essential to know that a solution is right, it’s essential to both be able to fixing the issue your self, or doing the analysis you’d want to resolve that drawback. That’s in all probability a win, however you must be cautious. Don’t put ChatGPT in conditions the place correctness is a matter until you’re prepared and capable of do the arduous work your self.

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